Victim behavior of crime victims

Богдан Миколайович Головкін

Abstract


The article tells about phenomenon of victim’s behavior in commission of crimes, found its genesis and describes basic models of such behavior.

Victim behavior is the person acts or omissions that led to her selection as offering and were the reason for commit the crime in a specific situation.

The gist of victim’s behavior is dangerous for person behavior in situations of interaction with the criminal. Dangerous of such behavior is allowing for the location, time and scenarios before committing a crime, or at the time a criminal assault. Victim’s behavior attracts attention of the criminal, causes the choice of victim, become a pretext for committing a crime against the person who was raised in a vulnerable situation. The shape of this behavior is mainly careless. Much less people are deliberately exposed to unlawful acts. For the moment the emergence of victim behavior prior commission the offense or appears at the moment of interaction between the offender and the victim. Similarly victim behavior can deployment and change in the process of committing a crime. Display of victim’s behavior are relatively few; mostly of them are typical.


Keywords


the victim of a crime; cognitive illusion; criminal danger; victimogenic risk; interaction with the offender

References


Tuliakov, V.A. (2000). Vyktymolohyia (sotsyal’nye y krymynolohycheskye problemy). [Victimology (social and criminological problems)]. Odessa : Yuryd. lyt. [in Russian].

Zelinskij, A.F. (1986). Osoznavaemoe i neosoznavaemoe v prestupnom povedenii. [Aware and unconscious in criminal behavior]. Kharkov : Vishha shk. Izd-vo pri Har’k. un-te [in Russian].

Medvediev, V.S. (2004). Kryminal’na psykholohiia. [Criminal Psychology]. Kyiv: Atika [in Ukrainian].

Karpenko, L.A., Petrovskogo A.V., Jaroshevskogo M.G. (1985). Kratkij psihologicheskij slovar’ [Short psychological dictionary]. Moscow : Politizdat [in Russian].

Holovkin, B.M. (2015). Viktymnist’ iak osnovna katehoriia viktymolohii [Victim fiactures as the main category of victimology]. Zhurnal skhidnoievropejs’koho prava – The Journal of Eastern European Law, 20, 6–13 [in Ukrainian].

Kaneman, Danijel’ [Daniel Kahneman]. (2014). Dumaj medlenno… reshaj bystro [Thinking, Fast and Slow]. Danijel’ Kaneman. Moscow: AST Publishers [in Russian].

Maslou, A. (1999). Motivacija i lichnost’ [Motivation and Personality]. St. Petersburg: Evrazija [in Russian].

Grayson, B. and Stein, M.I. (1981). Attracting Assault: Victims’ Nonverbal Cues. Journal of Communication, 31 : 68–75.

Minskaja, V.S. (1988). Viktimologicheskie faktory i mehanizm prestupnogo povedenija: nauchnoe izdanie [Victim’s factors and mechanism of criminal behavior: the scientific edition]. Irkutsk : Izd-vo Irkutsk. un-ta [in Russian].


GOST Style Citations


  1. Туляков В. А. Виктимология (социальные и криминологические проблемы) / В. А. Туляков. – Одесса : Юрид. лит., 2000. – 336 с.
  2. Зелинский А. Ф. Осознаваемое и неосознаваемое в преступном поведении : монографія / А. Ф. Зелинский. – Харьков : Вища шк. Изд-во при Харьк. ун-те, 1986. – 167 с.
  3. Медведєв В. С. Кримінальна психологія: підручник / В. С. Медведєв. – Київ: Атіка, 2004. – 368 с.
  4. Краткий психологический словарь / сост. Л. А. Карпенко; под общ. ред. А. В. Петровского,  М. Г. Ярошевского. – Москва : Политиздат, 1985. – 431 с.
  5. Головкін Б. М. Віктимність як основна категорія віктимології / Б. М. Головкін // Журнал східноєвропейського права. – 2015. – № 20. – С. 6-13.
  6. Канеман Даниэль. Думай медленно… решай быстро / Даниэль Канеман ; пер. с англ. школа перевода Баканова. – Москва : AST Publishers, 2014. – 656 с.
  7. Маслоу А. Мотивация и личность/ А. Маслоу ; пер. А. М. Татлыбаевой. – СПб. : Евразия, 1999. – 352 с.
  8. Grayson, B. and Stein, M. I. Attracting Assault : Victims’ Nonverbal Cues. Journal of Communication (1981), 31 : 68–75.
  9. Минская В. С. Виктимологические факторы и механизм преступного поведения : научное издание / В. С. Минская, Г. И. Чечель. – Иркутск : Изд-во Иркутск. ун-та, 1988. – 151 с.

 

 





DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.135.83130

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Богдан Миколайович Головкін

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281