General requirements for the layout of manuscripts

1. The structure of the article

The section title is highlighted in bold

2. Author information The full name (in bold), structural subdivision, name of the organization/HEI are written in 12-point font, right-aligned, single line spacing, the after paragraph spacing is set to 6 pts. Be sure to specify:
  • structural subdivisions of the institution in which they work;
  • full official names and registered addresses of the authors' institutions;
  • contact email addresses;
  • ORCID.
3. Article title

Submitted in Ukrainian and English; capitalized, 14-point bold font, centered, the before paragraph spacing is set to 12 pts, the after paragraph spacing is set to 6 pts, no more than 12 words

  Abstract (title)

11-point bold font, justified, no indent, single line spacing, the before and after paragraph spacing is set to 6 pts.

  Abstract (text)

11-point font, italics, justified, no indent. Short and clear-cut sentences, a summary of the main provisions of the study and the results. The abstract is submitted in Ukrainian and English and has the identical content. The abstract should be informative (with no general words), structured (presentation of the material should be logical), and meaningful (information should be structured according to the following scheme: relevance, purpose, methods of analysis, results, prospects for further research). The abstract should have no abbreviations, footnotes, and references. The English translation should be professional, without the use of online translators. The recommended length of this section is from 150 to 250 words.

  Keywords

It should be 3-6 short and informative words, which reflect the subject under the study and not repeat the article title.

4. Introduction

The Introduction should represent the general information on the issue under research, the purpose of work, and a brief analysis of this issue presented in other studies or by other authors; the introduction indicates the objectives set by the author. The introduction must contain at least 5 references to literature sources. It describes the current state of the issue at the domestic and world levels and provides the analysis of the latest research with references to scientific publications for the last 3-5 years. The purpose and objectives of the research are substantiated. Citations should be given in square brackets, indicating the ordinal number of the cited work from the list of references. No more than three sources are allowed to be in one citation pocket. The Introduction is a mandatory section in the structure of scientific work. The recommended length of this section is above 500 words.

5. Literature review

The section should briefly describe the research in this field of knowledge conducted by other authors, their views, and their understanding of the issue stated. A literature review is an optional section, added at the author's request and presenting the research results by scientists who have analyzed certain aspects of the issue stated. Every time you mention the researcher's surname, you must accompany it with a citation from the list of references. The recommended length of this section is above 400 words.

6. Materials and methods

The section describes the main stages of scientific work and substantiates the choice of methods, techniques, approaches, or actions used to obtain new scientific results in the study. This section explains the strategies and criteria for sample formation (if the article contains an empirical part) and defines the experimental base of the research. The section is mandatory in the structure of scientific work. The recommended length of this section is above 500 words.

7. Results and discussion

The section presents the main material of the research with a comprehensive justification of the obtained scientific results. Tabular or graphical materials must be provided with the results of statistical data processing. There must be sources indicated under tables and figures. It is advisable to avoid value judgments, elements of the description of the methodology, and direct in-text repetition of the data given in tables and figures. Numerical results should be rounded according to established rules, taking into account the average error of the experiment, the confidence interval, or the distribution of values. The substantiation and methodology of the research results must be correct and sufficient, and they should contain novelty and practical value. The basis of the discussion should be the interpretation of the research results. The discussion involves the most substantial established scientific facts to be considered within the preliminary data and analysis of the literature on the current state of the issues with references to the work of similar research conducted in other countries. The section should be the largest and is mandatory in the structure of scientific work. The recommended length of this section is above 1500 words.

8. Conclusions

Conclusions must comprehensively and precisely reflect the research results and meet the purpose and title of the article; their verbatim duplication is not allowed in the abstract. The section is mandatory in the structure of scientific work. The recommended length of this section is from 150 to 250 words.

9. Recommendations

The section provides information about the scientific value of the article.

9.1. Acknowledgments

The section is optional; it provides for expressing gratitude to individuals or organizations whose financial (material) support has made the present study possible.

10. References

The cited sources are numbered sequentially in accordance with the order in which they are cited in the paper. After the cited quotation or materials of another author, it is necessary to assign a reference number in square brackets; the full title of the work and the name of the author/authors are placed in a separate list at the end of the paper. References to several works are separated by semicolons: [1; 6].

The list of references should represent new sources (for the last three years) and consist of 30% of scientific works indexed in Scopus and Web of Science databases. It is necessary to avoid self-citations (no more than 10% of self-citations are allowed). It is undesirable to use Internet publications, except for scientific (sources should be available), conference abstracts, reports, abstracts, and dissertations. The list of references should consist of at least 15 sources. The list of references is a mandatory section in the structure of scientific work. The list of references should be compiled in accordance with DSTU 8302: 2015, for articles in English, APA Reference Style (6th edition 2010) is used to compile references. (Sample)