Formation of ideal of legal personality

Віта Олександрівна Сліпенчук


Problem setting. In the process of transformation of Ukrainian society towards the assimilation and implementation of basic European values such as human rights, democracy and the rule of law the role of personality that respects the dignity of others and their right to free expression in its multifaceted manifestations becomes more important. Such definitions of it assume the character of the ideal to be pursued, but that has not received adequate expression in people's minds and in practice yet. Since this ideal inextricably links right and personality, enabling the operation of law due to the special qualities of the individual, it can be defined as the ideal of legal personality. It is the formation and realization of such ideal that becomes urgent practical task of our society, which in turn requires a comprehensive theoretical understanding.

Recent research and publications analysis. It should be noted that some philosophical aspects of the meaning of legal personality and its formation are revealed in the works of Ukrainian researcher in the field of philosophy of law S.I. Maksimov. However, all actual researches are based on a certain cultural and ideological tradition. The research of  a Polish-American scholar in the history of philosophical and legal thought Andrzej Walicki pays attention to the ideological and methodological potential liberal legal philosophy of the late 19th - early 20th century in the Russian Empire, realization of which, unfortunately, failed because of the violent interruption of this tradition by Bolsheviks. Researches of philosophers of law of that period are of particular significance in this issue: Ukrainian by origin and outlook Bohdan Kistyakivskiy and one of the authors of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) Serhiy Gessen. It is reconstruction of the concept of "legal personality" in the views of philosophers of law of that period, which is really made for the first time, which will give, as we believe, an opportunity to analyze the formation of the ideal of legal personality.

Paper objective. Thus, the purpose of this article is analysis and systematization of philosophical views on the issue of forming the ideal of legal personality in Russian philosophy of law, limited by the late 19th - early 20th century During this period, leading philosophers and jurists come to the conclusion that the existence and development of the law governed state should be based on a legal personality.

Taking into account the diversity of interpretations of liberal concepts, we begin with a brief description of the charms of liberal ideas, find out the core values that inspire these concepts and focus on the source of political programs and core values - individual autonomy.

Paper main body. As it is known, liberalism is a dynamic system that responds to changes in social life and is transformed according to the new reality. Liberal concepts of the thinkers of that time give us the opportunity to realize what freedom, equality and human rights are inviolable condition for the individual existence of human being, laying the values and guidance in the legal consciousness of a person and promoting an individual’s recognition of law as the main regulator of social relations, aimed at protecting and strengthening the autonomy (which directly is an ideal basis for development of a legal personality).

Conclusions of the research. Thus, the abovementioned allows us to understand the significance of liberal ideas for building a modern ideal model of legal personality, formed on a combination of the spiritual and legal ideals and values. The importance of the concepts of representatives of Russian liberalism is determined by existence of: 1) the idea of equality, which in turn becomes a conceptual basis in shaping of legal personality (after all, the basic values help to reveal the inner depth (essence) of the personality, thereby reducing it to the level of subject, on whose existence law is focused.); 2) the idea of the presence of appropriate freedoms in personality (freedom is revealed as the spiritual foundation of not only the personality, but also society) and natural rights. Rights in turn, act as a form of social relations and independent personalities, behavior and interaction of which is subject to the general rules. Independence of subjects in relation to each other and their joint subjecting to common standards define the content of the legal form of freedom.


liberalism; law governed state; legal socialism; legal ideal; legal personality; human rights; freedom of a personality

GOST Style Citations

1. Валицкий А. Философия права русского либерализма ⁄ Анджей Валицкий ; пер. с англ. О. В. Овчинниковой, О. Р. Пазухиной, С. Л. Чижкова,  Н. А. Чистяковой / под науч. ред. С. Л. Чижкова. – Москва: Мысль, 2012.
 – 567 с.

2. Гессен С. И. Правовое государство и социализм ⁄ С. И. Гессен. Избранные сочинения. – Москва: РОССПЭН, 1999. – 816 с.

3. Замалеев А. Ф. Русская политология. Обзор основных направлений ⁄   А. Ф. Замалеев, И. Д. Осипов. – СПб. : Изд-во СПбГУ, 1994. – 208 с.

4. Кистяковский Б. А. В защиту права (Интеллигенция и правосознание) / Б. А. Кистяковский // Вехи. Из глубины. – Москва: Правда, 1991. – 607 с.

5. Кистяковский Б. А. Государство правовое и социалистическое /            Б. А. Кистяковский // Вопросы философии. – 1990. – № 6. –  С. 141-159.

         6. Кистяковский Б. А. Социальные науки и право. Очерки по методологии социальных наук и общей теории права / Б. А. Кистяковский. – Москва: Изд. М. и С. Сабашниковых, 1916. – IV. – 704 с.

7. Максимов С. І. Кантівський проект правового суспільства і нові демократії / С. І. Максимов // Проблеми філософії права. Том IV-V. – Київ ; Чернівці : Рута, 2008. – С. 17-23 с.

8. Максимов С. І. Методологічні основи правового виховання /                 С. І. Максимов // Вісник Національної юридичної академії України імені Ярослава Мудрого. Серія : Філософія, філософія права, політологія, соціологія. – 2010. – № 6. – С. 53-62.

9. Новикова Л. И. Либеральные традиции в культурно-историческом опыте России / Л. И. Новикова, И. Н. Сиземская. – Свободная мисль : 1993. – № 15. – С. 67-80.

10. Петражицкий Л. И. Теория права и государства в связи с
теорией нравственности / Л. И. Петражицкий. – СПб. : Лань, 2000. ‒ 608 с.

11. Сиземская И. Н. Новый либерализм в России /
И. Н. Сиземская, Л. И. Новикова // Общественные науки и современность. –1993. – № 5. – С. 132-140.

12. Сліпенчук В. О. Виховання правової людини як шлях до побудови правового суспільства у сучасній Україні / В. О. Сліпенчук // Проблеми законності: зб. наук. пр. / відп. ред. В. Я. Тацій. – Харків: Нац. юрид. ун-т імені Ярослава Мудрого, 2015. – Вип. 128. – С. 118-124.

13. Соловьев В. С. Оправдание добра ⁄ Отв. ред. О.А. Платонов. – Москва: Институт русской цивилизации, Алгоритм, 2012. – 656 с.

14. Соловьев В. С. Чтение о Богочеловечестве: соч. в 2-х т. / В. С. Соловьёв. – Москва: Правда, 1989. – Т. 2. – 735 с.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Віта Олександрівна Сліпенчук

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281