An exploration of the interface between national security and sustainable democracy in Nigeria:the way forward


  • Okunlade Isaac Adejumo University of Ibadan, Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Hemen Philip Faga Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria, Nigeria



national security, democracy, causes of insecurity, insurgency, Nigeria


The maintenance of internal and external security of the state is essentially the primary duty of the government. In Nigeria, this has become imperative in the face of the myriad of threats to her national security from within and outside. Nigeria has been bedeviled by the problem of insecurity caused by armed robbery, political violence, ethno-religious conflicts, Fulani herdsmen, Boko Haram insurgents and the Niger Delta insurgency. For a country trying to nurture her evolving democracy, security threat in whatever form is antithetic to sustainable democracy.

This paper therefore, examines the elements of national security, which include but not limited to military, political, economic, and environmental security. It concludes that the myriad of security threats facing the country requires more than military force to resolve in order to achieve true national security.

The paper recommended several measures to be put in place by the government to deemphasize its absolute reliance on the military for national security; ranging from the use of other elements of national power, such as diplomacy, negotiation and law enforcement, social and economic equity to environmental justice.  

Author Biographies

Okunlade Isaac Adejumo, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Faculty of Law, University of Ibadan, Senior Lecturer

Hemen Philip Faga, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law


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How to Cite

Adejumo, O. I., & Faga, H. P. (2016). An exploration of the interface between national security and sustainable democracy in Nigeria:the way forward. Problems of Legality, (134), 70–89.



Administrative law. Financial law. Labor law