Alternative Dispute Resolution as a form of protection of civil rights, freedoms and interests

Олег Степанович Ткачук

Abstract


The article is devoted to the problems of alternative civil dispute resolution and understanding of this phenomenon in western legal tradition and through the national paradigm of forms of protection of civil rights, freedoms and interests.

The conception of “alternative dispute resolution” was analyzed by foreign and national scholars, such as M. Cappelletti, B. Garth, F. Sander, E. I. Nosyreva, O. M. Spektor, V. V. Komarov and others.

The main objective of the paper is to analyse the essence of alternative dispute resolution as an order of protection and as a form of protection of civil rights.

The author delimits such categories as order of protection and form of protection. From this point of view alternative dispute resolution is considered to be an independent form of protection of civil rights, freedoms and interests as well as judicial, administrative, notarial forms of protection and the protection in European court of human rights. As a result alternative dispute resolution can be understood as a form of protection of civil rights, freedoms and interests which consists of quasi-judicial and consensual methods of resolving civil disputes, based on voluntariness of treatment of persons, who was a participators of dispute, and voluntariness of enforcement of final decision of such procedure, which thought can be enforced coercively in a simplified procedure

 


Keywords


alternative dispute resolution; justice; civil judicial proceedings; a form of rights protection; an order of rights protection; access to justice; mediation

References


References:

Cappelletti, M., Garth, B. (1979). Access to Justice: The Worldwide Movement to Make Rights Effective: A General Report. Access to Justice.Milan, Vol. 1, 5–124.

Sander, F. (1990). Dispute Resolution within and outside the Courts: an Overview ofU.S.Experience. Attorneys General and New Methods of Dispute Resolution. National Association of Attorneys General andABA.

Nosyreva, E.I. (2001). Al’ternativnoe razreshenie grazhdansko-pravovyh sporov v SShA [Alternative civil dispute resolution in USA]. Extended abstract of doctor’s thesis. Voronezh [in Russian].

Law, J., Martin, E.A. (Еds.). (2009).Oxforddictionary of Law.SeventhEd.OxfordUniversityPress.

Spektor, O.M. (2013). Al’ternatyvni sposoby vyrishennya tsyvil’no-pravovykh sporiv: svitovyy dosvid ta perspektyvy zastosuvannya u pravoviy systemi Ukrayiny: monohrafiya [Alternative methods of civil dispute resolution : world experience and perspectives of application in law system of Ukraine]. Kiеv: Feniks [in Ukrainian].

Paulsson, J. (1999). The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration and ADR. Clauses in International Contracts, London-Boston, Kluwer Law International.

Green Paper on Alternative Dispute Resolution in Civil and Commercial Law /COM/2002/0196final/. eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ ALL/?uri=CELEX:52002DC0196.

Tsuvina, T.A. (2015). Pravo na sud u tsyvil’nomu sudochynstvi [Right to a court in civil procedure]. Kharkiv: Slovo [in Ukrainian].

Gorshenev, V.M. (1972). Sposoby i organizacionnye formy pravovogo regulirovanija v socialisticheskom obshhestve [Methods and organizational forms of law regulation in socialistic society ].Moscow[in Russian].

Andrushko, A.V., Bilousov, Yu.V., Stefanchuk, R.O., Uhrynovs’ka, O.I. (Еds.). (2005). Tsyvil’nyy protses: navchal’nyy posibnyk [Civil procedure]. Kiеv: Pretsedent [in Ukrainian].

Volozhanin, V.P. (1974). Nesudebnye formy razreshenija grazhdansko-pravovyh sporov [Non-judicial forms of civil dispute resolution], Sverdlovsk [in Russian].

Shakarjan, M.S. (1985). Sootnoshenie sudebnoj formy s inymi formami zashhity sub`ektivnyh prav grazhdan [Correlation of judicial form and other forms of protection of subjective rights of citizens]. Aktual’nye problemy zashhity sub`ektivnyh prav grazhdan i organizacij [Actual problems of protection of subjective rights of citizens and organizations].Moscow[in Russian].

Tymchenko, H.P. (2002). Sposoby ta protsesual’ni formy zakhystu tsyvil’nykh prav [Methods and procedural forms of protection of civil rights]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].

Chechot, D.M. (2005). Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu processu [Selected works on civil procedure]. SPb.: Izd. dom S.-Peterb. gos. un-ta [in Russian].

Kharytonov, Ye.O. (Еd.). (2003). Tsyvil’ne pravo Ukrayiny [Civil law ofUkraine]. Kiеv: Istyna [in Ukrainian].

Komarov, V.V. (Еd.). (2011). Kurs tsyvil’noho protsesu [Course of civil procedure]. Kharkiv: Pravo [in Ukrainian].

Dobren’kov, V.I. (2009). Metodologija i metody nauchnoj raboty [Metodology and methods of scientific work].Moscow[in Russian].

Maleshin, D.Ja. (2010). Metodologija grazhdanskogo processual’nogo prava [Metodology of civil procedure law]. Мoscow: Statut [in Russian].

Us, M.V. (2014). Ohrana i zashhita sub`ektivnyh grazhdans’kih prav, juridicheskaja priroda prava na zashhitu [Defense and protection of civil rights, juridical nature of the right of protection]. Har’kovskaja civilisticheskaja shkola: zashhita sub`ektivnyh grazhdans’kih prav i interesov: monografija [Kharkiv civil law school: protection of civil rights and interests : monography]. I.V. Spasibo-Fateeva (Ed.). Kharkiv: Pravo, 45–58 [in Russian].

Zagajnova, S.K. (2012). Sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitija prakticheskoj mediacii v Rossii [Modern problems and perspectives of evaluation of practical mediation in Russia]. Razvitie mediacii v Rossii: teorija, praktika, obrazovanie [Development of mediation in Russia: theory, practice and education]. Мoscow-Berlin: Infotropik Media, 14-24 [in Russian].

Mihajlova, E.V. (2012). Mediacija kak otdel’nyj sposob uregulirovanija pravovyh konfliktov v chastnopravovoj sfere [Mediation as a separate method of law dispute resolution at private law sphere]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process [Arbitral and civil procedure], 4, 2-5 [in Russian].

Directive 2008/52/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on Certain Aspects on Mediation in Civil and Commercial Matters. eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32008L0052.


GOST Style Citations


1. Cappelletti, M. Access to Justice: The Worldwide Movement to Make Rights Effective: A General Report / M. Cappelletti, B. Garth // Access to Justice. –  Milan, 1979. – Vol. 1. – P. 5–124.

2. Sander, F. Dispute Resolution within and outside the Courts: an Overview ofU.S.Experience / F. Sander // Attorneys General and New Methods of Dispute Resolution. – National Association of Attorneys General and ABA, 1990. – 990 p.

3. Носырева Е. И. Альтернативное разрешение гражданско-правовых споров в США : автореф. дис. … д-ра юрид. наук : 12.00.15 / Е. И. Носырева. – Воронеж, 2001. – 65 с.

4.Oxforddictionary of Law. Seventh Edition / Edited by Jonatan Law, Elizabeth A. Martin. – Oxford University Press, 2009. – 602 p.

5. Спектор О. М. Альтернативні способи вирішення цивільно-правових спорів: світовий досвід та перспективи застосування у правовій системі України : монографія / О. М. Спектор. –  Київ : Фенікс, 2013. – 160 c.

6. Paulsson J. The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration and ADR. Clauses in International Contracts / J. Paulsson. – London-Boston : Kluwer Law International, 1999. – 192 p.

7. Green Paper on Alternative Dispute Resolution in Civil and Commercial Law /COM/2002/0196final/ [Електронний ресурс] // EUR-lex. – Режим доступу : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:52002DC0196.

8. Цувіна Т. А. Право на суд у цивільному судочинстві / Т. А. Цувіна. – Харків : Слово. – 281 c.

9. Горшенев В. М. Способы и организационные формы правового регулирования в социалистическом обществе / В. М. Горшенев. – Москва, 1972. – 258 c.

10. Цивільний процес : навч. посібник / А. В. Андрушко, Ю. В. Білоусов, Р. О. Стефанчук, О. І. Угриновська та ін. ; за ред. Ю. В. Білоусова. – Київ : Прецедент, 2005. – 172 c.

11. Воложанин В. П. Несудебные формы разрешения гражданско-правовых споров / В. П. Воложанин. –  Свердловск, 1974. – 202 c.

12. Шакарян М. С. Соотношение судебной формы с иными формами защиты субъективных прав граждан / М. С. Шакарян // Актуальные проблемы защиты субъективных прав граждан и организаций. – Москва, 1985. – 238 c.

13. Тимченко Г. П. Способи та процесуальні форми захисту цивільних прав : автореф. дис. … канд. юрид. наук : 12.00.03 / Г. П. Тимченко ; Нац. юрид. акад. ім. Ярослава Мудрого. – Харків, 2002. – 20 c.

14. Чечот Д. М. Избранные труды по гражданскому процессу / Д. М. Чечот. – Санкт-Петербург : Изд. дом С.-Петерб. гос. ун-та, 2005. – 614 c.

15. Цивільне право України : підручник / за ред. Є. О. Харитонова. – Київ : Істина, 2003. – 773 c.

16. Курс цивільного процесу : підручник / В. В. Комаров, В. А. Бігун, В. В. Баранкова та ін. ; за ред. В. В. Комарова. – Харків : Право, 2011. – 1352 с.

17. Добреньков В. И. Методология и методы научной работы / В. И. Добреньков, Н. Г. Осипова. – Москва, 2009. – 276 с.

18. Малешин Д. Я. Методология гражданского процессуального права / Д. Я. Малешин. – Москва : Статут, 2010. – 208 с.

19. Ус М. В. Охрана и защита субъективных гражданських прав, юридическая природа права на защиту / М. В. Ус // Харьковская цивилистическая школа: защита субъективных гражданських прав и интересов : монография / И. В. Спасибо-Фатеева, М. Н. Сибилев, В. Л. Яроцкий и др. ; под. общ. ред. И. В. Спасибо-Фатеевой. – Харьков : Право, 2014. – С. 45–58.

20. Загайнова, С. К. Современные проблемы и перспективы развития практической медиации в России / С. К. Загайнова // Развитие медиации в России: теория, практика, образование. – Москва-Берлин : Инфотропик Медиа, 2012. – С. 14–24.

21. Михайлова Е. В. Медиация как отдельный способ урегулирования правовых конфликтов в частноправовой сфере / Е. В. Михайлова // Арбитражный и гражданский процесс. – 2012. – № 4. – С. 2–5.

22. Directive 2008/52/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on Certain Aspects on Mediation in Civil and Commercial Matters [Електронний ресурс] // EUR-lex. – Режим доступу : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32008L0052.

 





DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.133.69543

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Олег Степанович Ткачук

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281