Special aspects of responsibility of the principal offender for commission of the crimes with two forms of guilt

Ірина Анатоліївна Зінов'єва

Abstract


In the article the author analyzed the views of scientists on the issue of existence of complicity in the crimes with two forms of guilt. The author drew a conclusion that the confines of complicity as joint intentional participation in commission of intentional crime include nothing else than an act or an act and causation of basic consequence. An aggravated consequence caused by the principal offender through negligence is outside complicity because the joint intent to its commission is absent. The author substantiated the necessity for inculpation an aggravated consequence caused by the principal offender through negligence others accomplices if they had a duty and possibility to envisage it. Determining of the confines of knowing nature of an act of the principal offender of others accomplices as the joint result of their interrelated acts is recognized as prerequisite for inculpation them this consequence. Causation an aggravated consequence through negligence of intentional crime jointly by several persons that had a duty and possibility to envisage it is recognized as jointly causation through negligence. The author suggested examine the subjects of causation this consequence that had a duty and possibility to envisage it not as accomplices but as co-causers, each of them individually liable for its causation. The author distinguished the groups of crimes that have an aggravated consequence which is outside complicity. The author suggested the ways of qualification the crime with two forms of guilt subject to existence of the elements of complicity.

Keywords


complicity in a crime; the crime with two forms of guilt; jointly causation through negligence.

References


Zelinskiy, A.F. (1971). Souchastie v prestuplenii [Criminal Complicity]. Volgograd: VSSh MVD SSSR, 44 [in Russian].

Prohorov, V.S. (1962). Souchastie v prestuplenii po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu : avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk [Criminal Complicity Under the Soviet Criminal Law : Synopsis of the Thesis on Competition of a Scientific Degree of Candidate of Legal Sciences]. Leningrad. gos. un-t, Leningrad, 19 [in Russian].

Kovalev, M.I. (1960). Souchastie v prestuplenii [Criminal Complicity]. Sverdlovsk: Ural'sk. rabochij, Part 1: Ponjatie souchastija [in Russian].

Telnov, P. F. (1974). Otvetstvennost za souchastie v prestuplenii [Responsibility for Criminal Complicity]. Moscow: Jurid. lit. [in Russian].

Garbatovich, D.A. (2009). Kvalifikacija ugolovno-pravovyh dejanij po sub#ektivnoj storone [Qualification of Criminal Legal Acts by Subjective Side]. Moscow : Jurlitinform [in Russian].

Arutyunov, A.A. (2013). Souchastie v prestuplenii [Criminal Complicity]. Moscow: Statut [in Russian].

Babij, N.A. (2013). Mnozhestvennost' lic v prestuplenii i problemy uchenija o souchastii [Plurality of Persons in a Crime and Problems of the Doctrine of Complicity]. Moscow: Jurlitinform [in Russian].

Pavluhin, A.N., Ryzhov, R.S., Jeriashvil,i N.D. (2007). Vidy i otvetstvennost' souchastnikov prestuplenija [The Types and Responsibility of Accomplices]. Moscow: JuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo [in Russian].

Pudovochkin, Ju.E. (2008). Uchenie o prestuplenii [The Crime Doctrine]. Moscow: Jurlitinform [in Russian].

Rarog, A.I. (2015). Problemy kvalifikacii prestuplenij po sub#ektivnym priznakam [Problems of Qualification of Crimes by Subjective Elements]. Moscow: Prospekt [in Russian].

Sergeevskij, N.D. (2008). Izbrannye trudy [The Selectas]. Moscow: OOO «Izdatel'skij dom «Bukvoved» [in Russian].

Yedynyj derzhavnyj reiestr sudovykh rishen' [The Unified State Register of Court Decisions]. Retrieved from: http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Page/15 [in Ukrainian].

Vyrok Vin'kovets'koho rajonnoho sudu Khmel'nyts'koi oblasti u spravi za no. 1-44/11 vid 5 serpnia 2011 [The Decision of Vinkovetsky District Court of the Khmelnitsky region in the Case no. 1-44/11 of 5 August 2011]. Retrieved from: http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/20509546 [in Ukrainian].

Vyrok Zhovkivs'koho rajonnoho sudu L'vivs'koi oblasti u provadzhenni za no. 1/444/11/2014 vid 23 hrudnia 2014 [The Decision of Zhovkivsky District Court of the Lviv region in the Case no. 1/444/11/2014 of 23 December 2014]. Retrieved from: http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/42110614 [in Ukrainian].

Shevchenko, Ye.V. (2005). Zlochyny z pokhidnymy naslidkamy [The Crimes with Additional Consequences]. Kharkov: Vydavets' SPD FO Vapniarchuk N.M. [in Ukrainian].


GOST Style Citations


  1. Зелинский А. Ф. Соучастие в преступлении / А. Ф. Зелинский. – Волгоград : ВСШ МВД СССР, 1971. – 44 с.
  2. Прохоров В. С. Соучастие в преступлении по советскому уголовному праву : автореф. дис. … канд. юрид. наук / В. С. Прохоров ; Ленинград. гос. ун-т. – Ленинград, 1962. – 19 с.
  3. Ковалев М. И. Соучастие в преступлении. – Ч. 1 Понятие соучастия : монография / М. И. Ковалев. – Свердловск : Уральск. рабочий, 1960. – 288 с.
  4. Тельнов П. Ф. Ответственность за соучастие в преступлении : научное издание / П. Ф. Тельнов. – Москва : Юрид. лит., 1974. – 208 с.
  5. Гарбатович Д. А. Квалификация уголовно-правовых деяний по субъективной стороне : монография / Д. А. Гарбатович. – Москва : Юрлитинформ, 2009. – 192 с.
  6. Арутюнов А. А. Соучастие в преступлении: монография / А. А. Арутюнов. – Москва : Статут, 2013. – 408 с.
  7. Бабий Н. А. Множественность лиц в преступлении и проблемы учения о соучастии : монография / Н. А. Бабий. – Москва : Юрлитинформ, 2013. – 720 с.
  8. Павлухин А. Н. Виды и ответственность соучастников преступления : монография / А. Н. Павлухин, Р. С. Рыжов, Н. Д. Эриашвили. – Москва : ЮНИТИ-ДАНА : Закон и право, 2007. – 142 с.
  9. Пудовочкин Ю. Е. Учение о преступлении : избранные лекции / Ю. Е. Пудовочкин. – Москва : Юрлитинформ, 2008. – 224 с.
  10. Рарог А. И. Проблемы квалификации преступлений по субъективным признакам : монография / А. И. Рарог. – Москва : Проспект, 2015. – 232 с.
  11. Сергеевский Н. Д. Избранные труды / под. ред. А. И. Чучаева. – Москва: ООО «Издательский дом «Буквовед», 2008. – 606 с.
  12. Єдиний державний реєстр судових рішень [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Page/15.
  13. Вирок Віньковецького районного суду Хмельницької області у справі за № 1-44/11 від 5 серпня 2011 р. [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/20509546.
  14. Вирок Жовківського районного суду Львівської області у провадженні за № 1/444/11/2014 від 23 грудня 2014 р. [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/42110614.
  15. Шевченко Є. В. Злочини з похідними наслідками : монографія / Є. В. Шевченко. – Харків : Видавець СПД ФО Вапнярчук Н. М., 2005. – 216 с.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.133.67449

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Ірина Анатоліївна Зінов'єва

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281