The agreement as a universal means of legal regulation of property relations

Я. В. Новохатська

Abstract


Problem statement. The participants of the civil circulation are given the opportunity to conclude a contract which constitutes a fundamental framework of civil relations. The interests of the parties are realized through the conclusion and implementation of contracts. The agreement is a universal means of legal regulation of property relations, which provides the achievement of objectives defined by the parties. The purpose of the contract may be economic, social or other, while remaining expressed in legal terms, that is legal. Civil contracts are concluded for the purpose of transferring items of property, execution of work or providing services. Analysis of recent research works and publications. The modern theory of civil contract has been presented in the works by V.Lutsya, I. Zhylinkova, M. Sibilova and other authors. The aim of this work is define the specific features of a civil contract as a regulator of civil relations, the order of its conclusion, modification and termination, the correlation of terms and conditions that constitute its content. The main research material. A contract is an agreement between two or more parties on the establishment, modification or termination of civil rights and obligations. The agreement is a unity of the subjective element - the will and the objective element - declaration of intent. The free declaration of intent (will) of the parties to a contract is one of the manifestations of freedom of agreement as one of the principles of civil law. The parties are free to conclude a contract, to choose a contracting party and determine the contract terms and conditions on the basis of the law and customs of business conduct, the principle of prudence, integrity and fairness. The concurrence of the wills of the parties - the expression of will by one party and counter-declaration by the other - creates an agreement that gives rise to a contractual relationship. That is a contract provides for expression of the will of each party and its concurrence. The agreement is the result, in which the will of the parties finds its general expression that is only in the legal sense of an "act of volition". Conclusions. Civil rights and obligations are always placed in the specific time frame. Therefore it is important to establish the moment when they arise. The agreement enters into force and becomes binding on the parties after its conclusion. If the transfer of property is essential for concluding the contract, it is considered to be in force immediately upon the transfer of property. The parties are granted the right to extend the contract conditions on their relations that had been established before concluding the contract. The agreement, which must be notarized, comes into force immediately upon its notarization.

Keywords


civil contract; offer; acceptance; conditions of contract

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.130.53802

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