Realization of strategy of public influence on criminality in foreign countries

М. Г. Колодяжний

Abstract


Problem setting. Actuality of the article consists in that now the comparative researches of criminology, devoted to the study of progressive international experience of prevention of criminality at participation of public, failing in science.

Paper objective. The aim of the scientific article is a decision of basic modern directions of prevention of criminality from bringing in of public in the different countries of the world.

Paper main body. The analysis of materials of a 13 Congress of the UNO from prevention of criminality and criminal justice grounds to distinguish such directions of realization of strategy of public influence on criminality:

–        study of the condition of local criminality;

–        prevention of recurrent criminality;

–        public law enforcement;

–        grant of free legal help;

–        financial encouragement of public for its payment in the matter of prevention of criminality;

–        use of facilities of communication in prevention of criminality;

–        other directions of activity.

The input of the indicated directions of activity the row of factors interferes with: 1) limit nature of knowledge about an order and terms of application of strategy of public influence on criminality; 2) absences of traditional benevolent relations between a police and local population; 3) insufficiencies of political will on expansion of subjects of prevention of criminality; weak development of subdivisions of public law enforcement; 4) absences of legislation in the field of defense of the citizens involved in the guard of law and order; 5) insufficiency of the use of public alternatives to imprisonment; 6) limitation of the use of workers of services of probation in relation to a supervision after behavior of persons, what punishments released from serving is with a test.

Conclusions. The use of progressive international experience in realization of strategy of public influence on criminality in Ukraine will assist budgetary cost effectiveness, improvement of partner relations between a police and citizens.


Keywords


prevention of criminality; counteraction to criminality; public; public influence on criminality

References


Golina, V. V. (Ed.) (2013). Kongressy OON po preduprezhdeniju prestupnosti i ugolovnomu pravosudiju: in 3 books. Natcionalnaya akademiya pravovyh nauk Ukrainy; NII izuchenie problem prestupnosti im. akad. V. V. Stashisa. Book 2. Kyiv: Pravo Ukrainy; Kharkiv: Pravo, 184.

A/CONF.222/9. Working paper «National approaches to public participation in strengthening crime prevention and criminal justice» (2015). Thirteenth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. Doha, Qatar, 18.

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GOST Style Citations


1. Конгрессы ООН по предупреждению преступности и уголовному правосудию : [сб. материалов] : в 3 кн. / Нац. акад. правовых наук Украины ; НИИ изуч. пробл. преступности им. акад. В. В. Сташиса; кол. сост. : В. В. Голина, М. Г. Колодяжный; под общ. ред. В. В. Голины. – Кн. 2. – К. : Право Украины ; Х. : Право, 2013. – 184 с.

2. A/CONF.222/9 / Working paper «National approaches to public participation in strengthening crime prevention and criminal justice» // Thirteenth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (Doha, Qatar, 12-19 April 2015). – 18 р.

3. Introductory Handbook on the Prevention of Recidivism and the Social Reintegration of Offenders (UNODC) // Criminal Justice Handbook Series. – Vienna, 2012. – 153 р.

4. Graffam J. Attitudes of Employers, Corrective Services Workers, Employment Support Workers, and Prisoners and Offenders towards Employing Ex-Prisoners and Ex-Offenders /        J. Graffam, A. Shinkfield, B. Lavelle et. al. – Canberra : Report to the Criminology Research Council, 2004.

5. Research Report on the Impediments to Offender Reintegration and Resettlement / Kenya, Office of the Vice-President and Ministry of Home Affairs, Department of Probation and Aftercare Services. – Nairobi, 2007.

6. Introductory Handbook on Policing Urban Space / Criminal Justice Handbook Series (UNODC). – Vienna, 2011. – 106 р.

7. Training Manual on Policing Urban Space / Criminal Justice Handbook Series (UNODC). – Vienna, 2013. – 74 р.

8. Progress of the World’s Women 2011–2012: In Pursuit of Justice / United Nations. – New York, 2013. – 164 р.

9. La policía junto al Observatorio de Criminalidad realizarán un mapa del delito [Electronic resource]. – Available at: http://www.uypress.net/uc_25113_1.html

10. Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems in Africa – Survey Report / UNODC. – Vienna, 2011. – 67 р.

11. Australian Institute of Criminology [Electronic resource]. – Available at: http://www.aic.gov.au/crime_community.html

12. Government of Yukon [Electronic resource]. – Available at: http://www.justice.gov.yk.ca/

13. Violence Prevention: The Evidence / World Health Organization. – Geneva, 2010. – 127 р.





DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.129.52058

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