National Mechanisms of the Enforcement of Agreements Resulting from Mediation: EU Experience and Ukrainian Perspectives

Authors

  • Tetiana Tsuvina Yaroslav Mudryi Natijnal Law University, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990X.158.264998

Keywords:

mediation, agreement resulted from mediation, enforcement of agreements resulted from mediation, homologation of agreements resulted from mediation

Abstract

Topicality. The article addresses domestic mechanisms for the enforcement of agreements resulting from mediation, which is relevant from both theoretical and practical points of view, because the existence of such mechanisms is a relevant factor of the effectiveness of mediation in particular jurisdiction.

The purpose of the article. The purpose of the article is to analyze the national mechanisms for the enforcement of agreements resulting from mediation in the EU Member States and to develop relevant proposals for Ukraine.

Research methods. In the article the author uses general philosophical, general scientific and special research methods, in particular, dialectical, system-structural, logical and comparative legal methods, method of analysis and synthesis.

Results. Based on the analysis of the provisions of Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21.05.2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters, the author concludes that Member States enjoy a wide discretion on the issue of implementing the provisions of the Directive and numerous different approaches may be embraced with a view to ensure enforceability of agreements resulting from mediation. Based on the analysis of the legislation of the EU Member States, the following mechanisms for the enforcement of agreements resulting from mediation are identified: a) recognizing the agreement as an enforceable civil law contract; b) making the agreement enforceable through the approval by the court; c) making the agreement enforceable through the approval by the arbitral tribunal; d) making the agreement enforceable through the approval by the notary (notarial deed); e) making the agreement enforceable through the approval by some other specially created bodies; f) automatic enforcement. For Ukrainian Law the author suggests, first, diversification of mechanisms for judicial approval of agreements resulting from mediation and, second, allowing notaries to approve agreements resulting from mediation.

The significance of the results. The article is addressed to legal scholars and practitioners, mediators and students of higher law schools.

Author Biography

Tetiana Tsuvina , Yaroslav Mudryi Natijnal Law University

Doctor of Law, Associate professor of the Department of Civil Justice and Advocacy

References

Drozdov, O., Rozhnov, O., & Mamnitskyi, V. (2021) Mediation and Court in Ukraine: Perspectives on Interaction and Mutual Understanding. Access to Justice in Eastern Europe, 3, 181-190. https://doi.org/10.33327/AJEE-18-4.3-n000082.

Tsuvina, T., & Vakhonieva, T. (2022). Law of Ukraine ‘On Mediation’: Main Achievements and Further Steps of Developing Mediation in Ukraine. Access to Justice in Eastern Europe, 1, 142-153. https://doi.org/10.33327/AJEE-18-5.1-n000104.

Prytyka, Y., Izarova, I., & Kravtsov, S. (2020). Towards Effective Dispute Resolution: a Long Way of Mediation Development in Ukraine. The Asian International Journal of Life Sciences, 29(1), 387-399.

United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation. URL: http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/commissionsessions/51st-session/Annex_I.pdf.

Bahamonde, R. (2018). The structuring principles of Mediation in Portugal. Galileu. Revista de Direito e Economia, XIX, 131‐154.

Mazaraki, N.A. (2018). Enforceability of mediation settlement agreement. Actual problems of national jurisprudence, 1, 15-18. Retrieved from http://apnl.dnu.in.ua/1_2018/6.pdf.

Ferz, S. (2022). Sehnsucht nach Anerkennung – Der Exekutionstitel als Türöffner für die Mediation? Graz Law Working Paper, 21. Retrieved from https://ssrn.com/abstract=3972411.

Feehily, R. (2013). The Legal Sattus and Enforceability of mediated Settlement Agreements. Hibernian Law Journal, 12, 1-26.

Alexander, N., Chong, Sh. (2019). The Singapore Convention on Mediation: A Commentary. Research Collection School of Law.

Mazaraki, N.A. (2019). Singapore Convention: theoretical and legal analysis. Foreign trade: economics, finance, law, 1, 26-34.

Romanadze, L. (2020). Singapore Convention: challenges of implementation. Foreign trade: economics, finance, law, 3, 15-25.

Silvestri, E. (2019). The Singapore Convention on Mediated Settlement Agreements: A New String to the Bow of International Mediation? Access to Justice in Eastern Europe, 3(4), 5-11.

Chua, E. (2019). The Singapore Convention on Mediation – A Brighter Future for Asian Dispute Resolution. Asian Journal of International Law, 1, 1-11.

Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters (21.05.2008). Retrieved from http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2008/52/oj.

Alexander, N. (2017). EU Mediation Law Handbook: Regulatory Robustness Ratings for Mediation Regimes. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International.

Schroeter, U. (2006). Der Schiedsspurch mit vereinbartem Wortlaut als Formäquivalent zur notariellen Beurkundung. SchiedsVZ, 6, 298-305.

Published

2022-09-30

How to Cite

Tsuvina , T. (2022). National Mechanisms of the Enforcement of Agreements Resulting from Mediation: EU Experience and Ukrainian Perspectives. Problems of Legality, (158), 110–123. https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990X.158.264998

Issue

Section

Articles