The Doctrine of Fiduciary Obligations in Corporate Law Through the Prism of Fiduciary Legal Relations and the Principles of Justice, Conscience, Reasonableness and Loyalty
Keywords:corporate law, fiduciary duties, fiduciary legal relations, trust, fiduciary powers, principles of civil law, legal entity
Topicality. The relevance of the study is due to the lack of a single approach to understanding fiduciary legal relations in civil studies, which prevents the disclosure of the essence of the doctrine of fiduciary duties; insufficient analysis of the concept of "fiduciary duties", which makes it impossible to determine the content of duties arising from the subject of fiduciary legal relations; the lack of clarification of the essence of the doctrine of fiduciary duties, which prevents its full application to the regulation of civil legal relations, the prosecution of persons who have fiduciary duties.
The purpose of the article is to reveal the essence of the doctrine of fiduciary duties through the prism of fiduciary legal relations and the principles of civil law, in particular, justice, good faith, reasonableness and loyalty, using the example of corporate law.
Research methods. A complex of methods was used in the study of the problem. The theoretical and methodological basis is dialectical, historical and comparative methods, with the help of which the processes of formation, development and application of the doctrine of fiduciary duties in Ukraine and foreign countries were investigated and a complex conceptual and categorical apparatus of this doctrine was developed. Methods of analysis, synthesis, logical generalization, scientific abstraction, and formal-logical methods were used. Using the classification method, groups of fiduciary duties were identified. The method of theoretical generalization made it possible to establish subjects that have fiduciary duties.
Results. An analysis of fiduciary legal relations, their relationship with the doctrine of fiduciary duties, the mechanism of functioning of the latter in the Romano-Germanic and Anglo-American legal systems was carried out; special legal methods of interpretation of legal norms, with the help of which the conceptual principles of the functioning and development of the doctrine of fiduciary legal relations, as well as the directions of its practical implementation in judicial practice, are defined; the norms of the current legislation relating to fiduciary duty in corporate law, the application of the doctrine of fiduciary duty in the practice of the Supreme Court were investigated; the components of the doctrine of fiduciary duties are defined: fiduciary legal relations, fiduciary powers, fiduciary duties, principles of justice, good faith, reasonableness and loyalty; the essence of the doctrine of fiduciary duties in corporate law is revealed.
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