Constitutional and legal principles of regionalization in European countries: structural and functional characteristics of the mechanism of public power


  • Alla Grynchak Національний юридичний університет імені Ярослава Мудрого, Ukraine



regionalization, regionalism, decentralization


The article analyzes the basic principles of regionalization in European countries and highlights the key features of the mechanism of functioning of public authorities in the context of regionalization. The European experience convincingly shows that an effective decentralized system of territorial organization of public power and administration is an integral part of a modern democratic state governed by the rule of law. The institutional basis for such a system is effective local government and balanced regional development. Decentralization and regionalization are interconnected: regionalization cannot occur without decentralization. Regionalization is, in fact, decentralization, taking into account the regional characteristics of the state.

Based on the principle of division of powers, for each democratic state it is necessary to delineate the competence of public authorities. In turn, it is extremely important to determine the optimal level of concentration of power powers for each institutional link in the public power system - with the subsequent transfer of “excess” powers to the subjects as close as possible to the population, that is, their decentralization.

Regionalization means a way of defining and delimiting tasks and functions, in which most of them are transferred from the level of central bodies to a lower level and become their own tasks and powers of lower-level bodies, in particular, regions. Governance at the local level and in local affairs can be carried out in two ways: both by officials of the state apparatus appointed “from above”, functioning “on the ground” (officials of state authorities), and by local governments and other entities authorized by the state. It can also be noted that the share of administrative activities is assigned to regional bodies or other state-authorized entities. This decentralization of power in the state contributes to the development of democracy, because there is an expansion of the influence of territorial communities, social groups and the public on the implementation of public functions of government in order to optimally meet the diverse needs of the population.

Regionalization is associated with the process of redistribution of public power resources (including power) between different levels and centers of public power in two directions: from the state to its internal formation (autonomies, subjects of the federation), and also from the state to cross-border structures and international centers public authorities (trans-European regions, international organizations, transnational corporations). Regionalism should be understood as an interconnected political and economic system that ensures the special status of regional entities in the political system of the state, the participation of regions in the implementation of state power, European integration and international relations, their relative economic and fiscal independence in a unitary and/or federal state. Regionalism is also expressed in policies that stimulate the endowing the regions with a certain degree of political independence. Regionalism is associated with the desire and movement of regions towards freedom of self-government, preservation and respect of their traditional culture and peculiar institutions.

Author Biography

Alla Grynchak, Національний юридичний університет імені Ярослава Мудрого

Доцент кафедри державного будівництва;

провідний спеціаліст відділу міжнародних зв'язків


Boryslavska, O.M., Zaverukha, I.B., Zakharchenko, E.M. (2012). Detsentralizatsiia publichnoi vlady: dosvid yevropeiskykh krain ta perspektyvy Ukrainy. Tsentr polityko-pravovykh reform. Kyiv: Moskalenko O. M. URL: [in Ukrainian].

Vasylkova, V.A. (2012). Rehionalizm ta rehionalizatsiia: poniattia, definityvne vyznachennia ta spivvidnoshennia. Chasopys Kyivskoho universytetu prava, issue 4, 110–114 [in Ukrainian].

Vermenych, Ya. (2014). Kontsept rehionalizmu u suchasnii terminopraktytsi. Rehionalna istoriia Ukrainy:, issue 8, 19–54 [in Ukrainian].

Zakomorna, K.O. (2019. Do pytannia pro vyznachennia terminu «rehionalizatsiia» v suchasnii vitchyznianii i zarubizhnii doktryni. Derzhavne budivnytstvo ta mistseve samovriaduvannia: zb. nauk. pr. Kharkiv: Pravo, іssue 38, 49-61 [in Ukrainian].

Makovskyj, S.O. (2014). “Rehion”, “rehionalizm”, “rehionalizatsiia” v yevropeiskomu konteksti: u poshuku optymalnoi naukovoi definitsii. Aktualni problemy mizhnarodnykh vidnosyn, issue 118, 35–50 [in Ukrainian].

Putiatin, E.I. (2013). Rehionalizatsiia ta rehionalizm: sutnist i teoretyko-metodolohichni zasady rozvytku. Naukovyi visnyk Poltavskoho universytetu ekonomiky i torhivli. Ser.: Ekonomichni nauky, issue 2, 88–92 [in Ukrainian].

Rymarenko, S. (2006). Rehionalizm ta rehionalizatsiia. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnykh i etnonatsionalnykh doslidzhen im. I.F. Kurasa NAN Ukrainy, issue 30(1), 344–350 [in Ukrainian].

Bytiak, Yu.P., Serohina, S.H., Bodrova, I., Chyrkin, A., Shestopal, S. (2019). Reform of decentralization and regional policy in the Visegrad. Opcion, vol. 35, іssие 90-2. URL: [in English].

Tulchynskyj, R. (2017). Obgruntuvannia sutnosti teoretyko-metodolohichnykh zasad protsesu rehionalizatsii. Problemy i perspektyvy ekonomiky ta upravlinnia, issue 4 (12), 123–127 [in Ukrainian].

Schrijver, F.J. (2006). Regionalism after regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom. PhD thesis. University of Amsterdam. Amsterdam: Vossiuspers. URL: [in English].

Arban, E. (2015). Italian Regionalism and the Federal Challenge. PhD thesis. Faculty of Law Common Law Section University of Ottawa. Ottawa, Canada. 2015. URL: [in English].

Pajno, S. (2009). Regionalism in the Italian constitutional System. Diritto & questioni pubbliche, 9/2009, 625–641. URL: [in English].

AER Statute (as adopted by the AER General Assembly 31 May 2017 in St Pölten (AU)). Assembly of European Regions. URL: [in English].

Bogatyreva, O.N. (2018). Evropejskie modeli regionalizma. Ekaterinburg: Izd‑vo Ural. un‑ta. URL: modeli+.pdf [in Russian].

Hroisman, V.B. (2015). Dosvid detsentralizatsii u krainakh Yevropy : zb. dok. Kyiv: Instytut zakonodavstva Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. URL: [in Ukrainian].

Treaty Of Amsterdam Amending The Treaty On European Union, The Treaties Establishing The European Communities And Certain Related Acts. European Parliament. URL: [in English].

Krat, M. (2016). Chomu v Ukraini prezydent pryznachaie holiv derzhavnykh administratsii? URL: [in Ukrainian].

The State of Regionalism in Europe / An AER Report / Part II: How do Regions look like in Europe?/An overview for the 47 Member States of the Council of Europe. URL: [in English].

Konstitucija Ital'janskoj Respubliki. URL: https//компетентные-юристы/правовая-библиотека/конституции-стран-мира/конституция-италии [in Russian].

Chyrkin, A.S. (2017). Konstytutsiini zasady orhanizatsii mistsevoho samovriaduvannia v Polshchi, Uhorshchyni, Chekhii. Candidate’s thesis. Kharkiv. URL: . [in Ukrainian].

Konstytutsiia Belhii (stanom na 17.03.2021 r.). Legal Affairs and Parliamentary Documentation Department of the Belgian House of Representatives, D/2021/4686/04. URL: [in English].

Zminylasia nazva posady predstavnyka na rivni rehionu. URL: [in Norwegian].

Allan-Diupre, D. (2018). Tendentsii detsentralizatsii v krainakh OESR: porivnialnyi analiz dlia Ukrainy. URL:'-decentralizacii'-v-krai'nah-OESR.pdf [in Ukrainian].



How to Cite

Grynchak, A. (2021). Constitutional and legal principles of regionalization in European countries: structural and functional characteristics of the mechanism of public power. Problems of Legality, (154), 79–92.




Most read articles by the same author(s)