Invocation of State Responsibility for Violation of Obligations Owed to the International Community as a Whole

Authors

  • Yu. V. Shchokin Национальный юридический университет имени Ярослава Мудрого (Харьков, Украина), Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8082-2367

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990X.154.238587

Keywords:

actio popularis, international legal responsibility of states, invocation of the international legal responsibility, obligations owed to the international community as a whole, international community, jus cogens norms, erga omnes norms

Abstract

The article discusses the features of the application of paragraph 1 (b) of Art. 48 of the Draft Articles on State Responsibility, developed by the UN International Law Commission and taken into consideration by the UN General Assembly by its resolution 56/83 of December 12, 2001. The norm of this article enshrines the right of any state that is not a victim to call to international legal responsibility state that has committed a breach of an obligation owed to the international community as a whole. This rule contributes to the establishment in modern international law of the ancient Roman theory of actio popularis, according to which any citizen could file a claim in the public interest.

The UN International Law Commission is considering paragraph 1 (b) of Art. 48 of the 2001 Draft Articles on State Responsibility as a result of the progressive development of International Law. This is manifested primarily in a new approach to the interpretation of concepts such as “the international community as a whole” and “obligation owed to the international community as a whole”. The article notes that the concept of "the international community as a whole" should no longer be considered as a community of sovereign states, since it already presupposes a more active participation in maintaining international legitimacy of all participants of international relations – subjects of international law.

In addition, attention is drawn to the fact that the concept of “obligation owed to the international community as a whole” is a new category proposed by the International Law Commission as a part of the progressive development of the theory of erga omnes and jus cogens norms. The author compares these types of obligations and points out a number of problems that may arise while interpreting this concept in order to apply this rule in practice.

Author Biography

Yu. V. Shchokin, Национальный юридический университет имени Ярослава Мудрого (Харьков, Украина)

доцент кафедры международного права Национального юридического университета имени Ярослава Мудрого

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Published

2021-10-25

How to Cite

Shchokin, Y. V. (2021). Invocation of State Responsibility for Violation of Obligations Owed to the International Community as a Whole. Problems of Legality, (154). https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990X.154.238587

Issue

Section

INTERNATIONAL LAW