DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.151.215653

Cultural approach in the legal myth studying

Юлія Валеріївна Тіщенко, Лариса Степанівна Бєлік

Abstract


The article is devoted to substantiating the importance of the culturological approach to clarify the socio-cultural features of the legal myth in terms of categories of culturology.

It is noted that myths were created and passed down from generation to generation throughout its existence and development.  This gives reason to say that the myth is a fundamental form of understanding and constructing reality.

The characteristic mythologems of different epochs are traced, which are defined as stable mythopoetic universals, which pass from society to society, from one time to another.  It is argued that the mythologies of peoples and epochs concentrate the general, collective ideas of people about how "it should be", contain certain stereotypes that can influence the ideology, thinking and behavior of people of a certain social culture.  It is concluded that such mythologisms are introduced and live in the depths of human consciousness, and, more precisely, the subconscious.  It is proved that collective ideas that characterize the specifics of the national spirit, national character, mentality, must be "experienced" by representatives of a particular era to become a myth.

The general characteristics of the legal myth are analyzed, such as dogmatism, sociality, out-temporality, regularity, irrationality, energy, ambiguity, antinomy, cyclicity.

Specific features of the legal myth are distinguished: the legal myth operates with legal concepts or their metaphorical analogues and aims to increase the authority of law by differentiating it from other social systems, and is potentially formally and normatively provided.

It is substantiated that the culturological approach to the study of the essence of the legal myth includes three aspects: anthropological, hermeneutic and semiotic.  The anthropological approach allows us to identify the personal dimension of the legal myth.  The hermeneutics of the myth gives rise to the idea of it as a certain carrier of cultural identity.  In the semiotic aspect, the legal myth is considered as an element of the sign-symbolic system to which culture belongs.

It is argued that understanding the phenomenological nature of legal myth and its cultural archaic roots makes it possible to comprehensively understand the essence of this phenomenon, identify the place of legal myth in modern legal reality and understand its impact on lawmaking and law enforcement.


Keywords


myth; universals of culture; legal myth; properties of legal myth; culturological approach; anthropological approach; hermeneutic approach; semiotic approach

References


Andreev, Yu.V. (1990). Poeziya mifa i proza istorii. Lenizdat [in Russian].

Apinyan, T.A. (2004). Toska po mifu ili mif kak sobytie sovremennosti. Filosofskie nauki, 11, 73–83 [in Russian].

Golosovker, Ya.E. (2010). Izbrannoe. Logika mifa. St. Petersburg: Centr gumanitarnyh iniciativ [in Russian].

Gryazin, I.N. (2011). Pravo est mif. Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie, 5, 72–95 [in Russian].

Gurevich, A.Ya. (1984). Kategorii srednevekovoj kultury. Moscow : Iskusstvo [in Russian].

Dovina, M.S. (2013). Teoriya mifu u suchasnij gumanitaristici. Literatura ta kultura Polissya, issue 9 (72), 53–66 [in Ukrainian].

Dudchenko, V.V. (2009). Pro germenevtichnij pidhid do prava. Aktualni problemi derzhavi i prava, issue 45, 11–16 [in Ukrainian].

Kulturologiya: XX vek: slovar. (1997). St. Petersburg: Universitetskaya kniga [in Russian].

Mann, T. (2010). Iosif i ego bratya / per. Solomon. Moscow : AST [in Russian].

Oborotov, Y. (2010). Pravorozuminnya yak aksiomatichne nachalo (postulat) prava. Pravo Ukrayini, 4, 49–55 [in Ukrainian].

Ovchinnikova, A.P. (2015). O kul'turologicheskom podhode k pravu. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho universytetu: Seriia: Pravo. Issue 30. Vol. 2, 197–200. Uzhhorod: Vydavnychyi dim «Helvetyka» [in Russian].

Polyakov, A.V. (2003). Obshaya teoriya prava. Fenomenologo-kommunikativnyj podhod. St. Petersburg: Yuridicheskij centr Press [in Russian].

Ponamorenko, V.E. (2002). Problemy ponimaniya i socialno-psihologicheskogo obosnovaniya demokraticheskogo gosudarstvennogo rezhima: v svete psihologii mass i psihologii narodov. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Stavropol [in Russian].

Reale, Dzh., Antiseri, D. (1997). Zapadnaya filosofiya ot istokov do nashih dnej. Vol. 4: Novoe vremya. St. Petersburg: TOO TK Petropolis [in Russian].


GOST Style Citations


  1. Андреев Ю. В. Поэзия мифа и проза истории. Ленинград : Лениздат, 1990. 223 с.
  2. Апинян Т. А. Тоска по мифу или миф как событие современности. Философские науки. 2004. (№ 11). С. 73–83.
  3. ???? і на це джерело немає посилання в тексті
  4. Грязин И. Н. Право есть миф. Известия высших учебных заведений. Правоведение, 2011. (№ 5). С. 72–95.
  5. Гуревич А. Я. Категории средневековой культуры. 2-е изд., испр. и доп. Москва : Искусство, 1984. 350 с.
  6. ????? і на це джерело немає посилання в тексті
  7. Дудченко В. В. Про герменевтичний підхід до права. Актуальні проблеми держави і права : зб. наук. праць. Одеса : Юрид. л-ра, 2009. Вип. 45. С.11–16.
  8. Культурология: ХХ век : словарь. Санкт-Петербург : Университетская книга, 1997. 640 с.
  9. Манн Т. Иосиф и его братья / пер. С. Апт. Москва : АСТ, 2010. 1184 с.
  10. Оборотов Ю. Праворозуміння як аксіоматичне начало (постулат) права. Право України. 2010. (№ 4). С. 49–55.
  11. Овчинникова, А. П. О культурологическом подходе к праву. Науковий вісник Ужгородського національного університету : Серія: Право / голов. ред. Ю. М. Бисага. Ужгород: Видавничий дім «Гельветика», 2015. Вип. 30. Том 2. С. 197–200.
  12. Поляков А. В. Общая теория права. Феноменолого-коммуникативный подход : курс лекция. 2-е изд., доп. Санкт-Петербург : Юридический центр Пресс, 2003. 845 с.
  13. Понаморенко В. Е. Проблемы понимания и социально-психологического обоснования демократического государственного режима: в свете психологии масс и психологии народов : автореф. дис. … канд. юрид. наук. Ставрополь, 2002. 26 с.
  14. Реале Дж., Антисери Д. Западная философия от истоков до наших дней. Т. 4. Новое время. Санкт-Петербург : ТОО ТК «Петрополис», 1997. 880 с.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Copyright (c) 2020 Юлія Валеріївна Тіщенко, Лариса Степанівна Бєлік

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281