Parliamentary representation of minorities in romania: current challenges
Presented article is prepared within the Research Project “Law of Political Parties” held by the faculty of Law and International Relations of Georgian Technical University. Тhe purpose of the article is to analyze the main mechanisms that guarantees the parliamentary representation of national and ethnic minorities in Romania. Authors review in detail the correlation of concept of equality principle and positive discrimination in regard with national and ethnic minorities. Clear distinction is given between Hungarian minority, as a successfully political movement and all other minorities, which were able to gain mandates only through positive discrimination. In conclusion authors underline some advantages of Romanian electoral system, but also refer to weaknesses, which should be eliminated and suggest some recommendations for possible improvements.
Demetrashvili, A., Kobakhidze, I. (2011). Constitutional Law, Tbilisi.
Melkadze, O. (2012). Electoral Law: Theory and Practice, Tbilisi.
Leahu, C.A. (2015). Principles of Romanian Electoral Law.
Alionescu, C.C. (2001). Parliamentary Representation of Minorities in Romania. Southeast European Politics, June 2004, Vol. V, No. 1. URL: http://www.seep.ceu.hu/archives/issue51/alionescu.pdf.
Edwards, G.E. (1998). Hungarian National Minorities: Recent Developments and Perspectives. International Journal on Minority and Group rights, 5.
Walsh, N. (2000). Minority Self-Government in Hungary: Legislation and Practice. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe.
OSCE, Report on Parliamentary Elections in Romania 2012. URL: https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/98757?download=true.
OSCE, Report on Parliamentary and Presidential Elections in Romania 2004. URL: https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/romania/41455?download=true.
OSCE, Report on Parliamentary and Presidential Elections in Romania 2000. URL: https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/romania/16256?download=true.
OSCE, Report on Parliamentary and Presidential Elections in Romania 1996. URL: https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/romania/16254?download=true.
Constitution of Romania (21/11/1991). URL: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/ro/ro021en.pdf.
Law No. 35/2008 for the election to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate and for the amendment and completion of Law No. 67/2004 for the election of local public administration authorities, of Law No. 215/2001 on the local public administration, and of Law No. 393/2004 on the Statute of local electees (13/03/2008).
Romanian Government Decision No. 984/2008 on the approval of the budget and expenses necessary for the preparation, organization and conduct of the 2008 elections to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.
Romanian Government Decision No. 986/2008 on the settlement of measures for the organization and conduct of the 2008 elections to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.
GOST Style Citations
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Copyright (c) 2020 Mariam Jikia, Demetrashvili Sophio
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.