Part-time criminal proceedings in the context of Justice in the Republic of Belarus


  • Игорь Владимирович Данько Private Educational Institution “BIP-Institute of Law”, Belarus



criminal procedure, administration of justice, the principle of adversarial and equality of the parties, correspondence proceedings


In recent years, the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter referred to as the Code of Criminal Procedure) has been amended to simplify and speed up judicial procedures. One of these stories was the appearance of absentee production in 2016. According to Part 1 of Art. 459 Code of Criminal Procedure applies to a person accused of committing a crime that does not represent a great public danger, when the accused fully admits his guilt and civil suit, if he is brought, the recognition made by him is not disputed by any of the parties and is not in doubt with the judge and the guilt of the accused, the legal qualification of the act and the consent of the accused and the victim to the trial in absentia in court are not in doubt; there are no other obstacles to sentencing ra without trial. This article raises the problem of the legal nature of the specified procedure for resolving cases by the court and its compliance with the constitutional provision on the adversarial nature of justice; it is stated that the existing in the legislation of Belarus the construction of the contest as a constitutional principle actually takes the procedure of sentencing without a trial beyond the scope of justice. In such circumstances, competition limits the legislator in creating a more flexible model of justice that meets current trends in simplifying ordinary judicial procedures. In this regard, it is concluded that it is advisable to revise the constitutional version of the principle of competition by supplementing Article 115 of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus with a norm allowing for the possibility of derogation from it in cases provided for by law.

Author Biography

Игорь Владимирович Данько, Private Educational Institution “BIP-Institute of Law”

Head of the Department of Economic and Financial Law


Timko, O.B. (2011). Ponyatie zaochnogo proizvodstva v ugolovnom protsesse [The concept of absentee production in criminal proceedings]. Pravovyie problemyi ukrepleniya rossiyskoy gosudarstvennosti – Legal problems of strengthening Russian statehood, M.K. Sviridov, Yu.K. Yakimovich (Eds.). 170–175 [in Russian].

Baskov, V.I. et al. (1999). Ugolovnyiy protsess [criminal process]. K. F. Gutsenko (Ed). Moscow: ZERTZALO [in Russian].

Gutsenko, K.F., Golovko, L.V., Filimonov, B.A. (2002). Ugolovnyiy protsess zapadnyih gosudarstv [Criminal procedure of the western states]. Moscow: Zertsalo-M [in Russian].

Avdonkin, V.S. et al. (2015). Pravoohranitelnyie i sudebnyie organyi Rossii [Law enforcement and judicial authorities of Russia]. N. A. Petukhov, A. S. Mamykina (Eds.). Moscow: Ros.gos. un-t pravosudiya [in Russian].

Danilevich, A.A. et al. (2010). Sudoustroystvo [Judicial system]. A. A. Danilevich, I.I. Martinovic (Eds.). Minsk: Amalfeya [in Russian].

Bibilo, V.N. (2001). Sudoustroystvo [Judicial system]. Minsk: Pravo i ekonomika [in Russian].

Kozlova, E.I., Kutafin, O.E. (2014). Konstitutsionnoe pravo Rossii [Constitutional law of Russia]. Moscow: Yurist' [in Russian].

Rzhevskij, V.A., Chepurnova, N.M. (1998). Sudebnaya vlast v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: konstitutsionnyie osnovyi organizatsii i deyatelnosti [Judicial power in the Russian Federation: constitutional foundations of organization and activity]. Moscow: Yurist' [in Russian].

Fursov, D.A. Harlamova, I.V. (2009). Teoriya pravosudiya v kratkom trehtomnom izlozhenii po grazhdanskim delam: Teoriya i praktika organizatsii pravosudiya [Theory of Justice in a brief three-volume narrative on civil cases: Theory and practice of organizing justice]. Vol. I. Moscow: Statut [in Russian].

Mishakova, N.V. (2018). Organizatsiya sudebnoy vlasti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (normativno-pravovoe issledovanie) [Organization of the judiciary in the Russian Federation (regulatory research)]. Candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].

Kamenkov, V.S. Printsip sostyazatelnosti v hozyaystvennom sudoproizvodstve Belarusi [The principle of competition in the economic proceedings of Belarus]. URL: [in Russian].

O sostoyanii konstitutsionnoy zakonnosti v Respublike Belarus v 2017 godu: Reshenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Respubliki Belarus' ot 23 janvarja 2018 g. [On the state of constitutional legality in the Republic of Belarus in 2017]. URL: [in Russian].

Dzhanshiev, G.A. (2004). Osnovyi sudebnoy reformyi [Basics of judicial reform]. Moscow: Status; RAP [in Russian].

Kaminsky, E.S. (2009). Printsip sostyazatelnosti po ugolovno-protsessualnomu zakonodatelstvu Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The principle of adversary on the criminal procedure legislation of the Russian Federation]. Rossiyskiy sledovatel – Russian investigator, 9, 6–8 [in Russian].

Sluchevskiy, V.K. (2008). Uchebnik russkogo ugolovnogo protsessa. Vvedenie. Part 1: Sudoustroystvo [Textbook of the Russian criminal process. Introduction Part 1: Judicial System]. V.A. Tomsinov (Ed). Moscow: Zertsalo [in Russian].

Foinitsky, I.J. (1912). Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva [Criminal Justice Course]. Vol. I. S.-Petersburg: Tipografiya t-va «Obschestvennaya polza» [in Russian].

Gurov, S. (2010). O soblyudenii protsessualnogo zakona pri rassmotrenii ugolovnyih del uskorennogo proizvodstva [On the observance of the procedural law in the consideration of criminal cases of accelerated production]. Sudebnyiy vestnik – Judicial Herald, 4, 29–32 [in Russian].

Shkaplerov, Y.P., Shilko, J.A. (2014). Nekotoryie problemyi osuschestvleniya uskorennogo proizvodstva v ugolovnom protsesse [Some problems of the implementation of accelerated production in criminal proceedings]. Aktualnyie voprosyi prava, obrazovaniya i psihologii – Current issues of law, education and psychology. Y.P. Shkaplerov (Ed). Mogilev, 196–200 [in Russian].

Marks, K. (1978). Sochineniya [Writings]. (Vols. 1–39; Vol. 20). Moscow: Gos. izd-vo polit. lit. [in Russian].

Nikolskiy, V.V. K voprosu o razumnom opredelenii granits realizatsii printsipa sostyazatelnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve [On the question of a reasonable definition of the boundaries of the implementation of the principle of adversarial proceedings in criminal proceedings]. URL: [in Russian].

Rehovskiy, A.F., Margaryan, Ya.A. Realizatsiya printsipa sostyazatelnosti storon v grazhdanskom i ugolovnom protsesse Rossii [Implementation of the adversarial principle in the civil and criminal proceedings in Russia].: [in Russian].

Muradyan, E.M. (2010). K voprosu o sostave printsipov sudebnogo protsessa (v svyazi so statey D. V. Danilenko o sostyazatelnosti) [On the question of the composition of the principles of the judicial process (in connection with the article of D. D. Danylenko on adversarial proceedings)]. Sovremennoe pravo – Modern law, 9, 139–141 [in Russian].



How to Cite

Данько, И. В. (2019). Part-time criminal proceedings in the context of Justice in the Republic of Belarus. Problems of Legality, (145), 193–204.