Institutional mechanism of securing a constitutional complaint in Ukraine: conceptional problems

Олександр Миколайович Литвинов, Віктор Валерійович Богуш

Abstract


Article 78 of the Law of Ukraine «On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine» prescribes that exclusively the Grand Chamber, on its own initiative, may take measures to secure a constitutional complaint by imposition of a temporary ban on a certain action when it is necessary to prevent irreversible consequences that may occur due to execution of the final court judgment wherein challenged law of Ukraine (specific provisions thereof) has been applied.

However, according to the second section of article 32 of the Law ofUkraine«On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine», the Grand Chamber, the Senates and the Boards shall act as the Constitutional Court of Ukraine under the powers determined by this Law in respect of constitutional proceedings.

Moreover, analysis of the provisions of the Law of Ukraine «On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine» gives rise to stress that both the Board and the Senate are empowered to consider an issue of initiating constitutional proceedings in the case upon a constitutional complaint (an issue concerning the admissibility of a constitutional complaint). In addition, the Senate is empowered to consider an issue of conformity to the Constitution of Ukraine (constitutionality) of laws of Ukraine (specific provisions thereof) in the case upon a constitutional complaint (an issue concerning the merits of a constitutional complaint), and the Grand Chamber has this power in the event of relinquishment of jurisdiction by the Senate in favour of the Grand Chamber.

That is why, prescribed by the Law of Ukraine «On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine» institutional mechanism of securing a constitutional complaint could be very ineffective in practice. It cannot access either the legitimate aim of securing a constitutional complaint that consists in preventing irreversible consequences that may occur due to execution of the final court judgment wherein challenged law of Ukraine (specific provisions thereof) has been applied, or the urgency of such an interim measure in the form of imposition of a temporary ban on a certain action.

Nevertheless, the above problems could be easily improved by the relevant amendments to the Law ofUkraine«On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine» (for instance, by changing a phrase «the Grand Chamber», available into the first section of article 78 of the Law ofUkraine«On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine», to a phrase «the Constitutional Court ofUkraine»).


Keywords


institute of securing a constitutional complaint; Grand Chamber; Senate; Board

References


Constitutional Court Law of the Republic of Latvia, sections 19-2, 20, 25. URL: http://www.satv.tiesa.gov.lv/en/2016/02/04/constitutional-court-law/.

The Act of the Republicof Polandon the Organisation of the Constitutional Tribunal

and the Mode of Proceedings Before the Constitutional Tribunal,

articles 37, 61, 77, 79. URL: http://trybunal.gov.pl/fileadmin/content/dokumenty/Akty_normatywne/The_Act_on_the_Organisation_of_the_Constitutional_Tribunal_and_the_Mode_of_Proceedings_Before_the_Constitutional_Tribunal_en.pdf

Law on the Constitutional Court of theRepublicofSerbia, articles 42b, 46, 86. URL: http://www.ustavni.sud.rs/page/view/en-GB/237-100030/law-on-the-constitutional-court/.

Constitutional Court Act of the Republic of Slovenia, articles 54, 57, 58. URL: http://www.us-rs.si/en/about-the-court/legal-basis/statutes/constitutional-court-act/v-constitutional-complaint/

Act on the Constitutional Court of Hungary, sections 47, 50, 53, 56, 61. URL: http://hunconcourt.hu/act-on-the-cc/.

The Constitutional Act on the Constitutional Court of the Republicof Croatia,

articles 67, 68. URL: https://www.usud.hr/sites/default/files/dokumenti/The_Constitutional_Act_on_the_Constitutional_Court_of_the_Republic_of_Croatia_consolidated_text_Official_Gazette_No_49-02.pdf.

Constitutional Court Act of the Czech Republic, paragraphs 11, 15,

, 79. URL: https://www.usoud.cz/fileadmin/user_upload/ustavni_soud_www/Pravni_uprava/AJ/Constitutional_court_act_182_1993.pdf.

Study on Individual Access to Constitutional Justice adopted by the Venice Commission at its 85th Plenary Session (Venice, 17-18 December 2010), paragraph 140. URL: http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/?pdf=CDL-AD(2010)039rev-e.

Opinion on the Draft Law on the Constitutional Court adopted by the Venice Commission at its 109th Plenary Session (Venice, 9–10 December 2016), paragraph 62. URL: http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/default.aspx?pdffile=CDL-AD(2016)034-e.


GOST Style Citations






DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.141.131537

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Олександр Миколайович Литвинов, Віктор Валерійович Богуш

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281