The state of Ukraine as a system and corruption as a systemic problem of it functionality

Валерій Федорович Оболенцев

Abstract


The article reveals the relevance of corruption in Ukraine. The expediency of using a system hike in the implementation of its prevention measures is indicated. The essence of the state of Ukraine as a system object is substantiated.

The reform of the domestic anti-corruption system is an urgent task. His decision requires new scientific developments.

The development of anti-corruption measures in domestic science was mainly implemented analytical and descriptive approach. We have the work on the basic principles of the system analysis of crime prevention, genetic and prognostic aspects of this activity, systemic factors of the lationization of criminogenic factors, and the extent of protected social relations.

This gives grounds for arguing that the use of system engineering as a theoretical basis for the development of anti-corruption measures is warranted. In addition, the system approach is now approved as a priority methodology in preventing corruption in executive bodies and local self-government bodies at the normative level (in item 14 of the State Program on the implementation of the principles of state anti-corruption policy in Ukraine (Anticorruption Strategy) for 2015–2017.

The purpose of the work is to minimize corruption in Ukrainian society. And the specific task is to justify the state of Ukraine as a system, where corruption is a systemic problem of its functionality. Specialists have no unity in understanding the notion of “system”.

In our substantiation of the state of Ukraine as a system object, we consider it possible to recognize as obligatory those system features that are currently being agreed upon by the majority of system technician specialists:

1) the presence of structural elements, which together represent a unique reality;

2) the interconnection and interdependence of these elements;

3) the only purpose or appointment  of system elements.

The first systemic sign for the system of state Ukraine is confirmed by the fact of the uncertainty of state bodies.

In the material aspect, social relations are actions or inactivity of people, in energy – transmission (spending) of different types of energy, in the information – the change of the essence and volumes of information. And it is the relationships that are those connections that combine the elements of the state system of Ukraine.

The purpose of the state system of Ukraine can be outlined in accordance with Article 3 of the Ukrainian Constitution: the direction of the state’s activity determines human rights and freedoms.

The systemic function of the state of Ukraine can be defined by the activity of asserting and securing human rights and freedoms, which is outlined in Article 3 of the Constitution of Ukraine as the main duty of the state. Guarantees (guarantees) of human rights and freedoms – the content of state activities in accordance with Article 3 of the Constitution of Ukraine.

Corruption can be considered as a phenomenon that creates a problem of changing the normatively defined purpose of the state system of Ukraine – guaranteeing human rights and freedoms to antisocial – guaranteeing (providing) personal interests of corrupt officials.

As a result, there is also a problem of obstacles to the realization of the rights of citizens, which in the sense of the system approach and in fact represents a problem of failure to achieve the goal of the state system of Ukraine.


Keywords


system approach; prevention of corruption; system of state Ukraine

References


Akimova, T.A., Haskin, V.V. (2006). Ekonomika Prirody i Cheloveka.Moscow: Ekonomika [in Russian].

Нolovkin, B.M. (2014). Prychynnist’ u systemi determinatsii zlochynnosti [A causality in system of determination of criminality]. Teoriia i praktyka pravoznavstva – Theory and practice of jurisprudence, issue 1 (5). URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/tipp_2014_1_24 [in Ukrainian].

Yedynyy zvit pro kryminal’ni pravoporushennya za sichen’-hruden’ 2016 r. [The only report on criminal offenses in January-December 2016]. URL: http://www.gp.gov.ua/ua/stat.html [in Ukrainian]

Koruptsiya: teoretyko-metodolohichni zasady doslidzhennya [Corruption: Theoretical and Methodological Principles of Research] I.O. Revak (Ed.). (2011). L’viv: L’vDUVS [in Ukrainian].

Lange O. (1969). Celoe i razvitie v svete kibernetiki. Issledovanija po obshhej teorii sistem – Studies on the general theory of systems. Moscow: Progress, 195–205 [in Russian].

Lejman I.I. (1971). Nauka kak social’nij institut. Leningrad: Nauka [in Russian].

Ljamec’, V.I., Uspalenko, V.I. (2015). Osnovy obshhej teorii sistem i sistemnyj analiz [Fundamentals of the general theory of systems and system analysis]. Kharkiv: BURUN i K. [in Ukrainian].

Liamets’, V.I., Teviashev, A.D. (2004). Systemnyj analiz. Vstupnyj kurs [Analysis of the systems. Introductory course]. Kharkiv: KhNURE [in Ukrainian].

Matsa, K.A. (2008). Sistemy neorganicheskie, organicheskie, social’nye: svojstva i principy organizacii [Systems inorganic, organic, social: properties and principles of organization]. Kyiv: Obrії [in Russian].

Mel’nyk, M.I. (2001). Koruptsiya: sutnist’, ponyattya, zakhody protydiyi [Corruption: the essence, concept, measures of counteraction]. Kyiv: Atika [in Ukrainian].

Metody issledovanij i organizacija jeksperimentov [Methods of research and organization of experiments]. K.P.Vlasov (Ed.). (2002). Har’kov: Gumanitarnyj Centr [in Russian].

Nevmerzhyts’kyj, Ye.V. (2008). Koruptsiia v Ukraini: prychyny, naslidky, mekhanizmy protydii [A corruption is in Ukraine: reasons, consequences, mechanisms of counteraction]. Kyiv: KNT [in Ukrainian].

Obolentsev, V.F. (2015). Bazovi zasady systemnoho analizu zapobihannia zlochynnosti v Ukraini [Base principles of analysis of the systems of prevention of criminality in Ukraine]. Problemy zakonnosti – Problems of legality, 130 [in Ukrainian].

Obolentsev, V.F. (2016). Bazovi zasady systemnoho analizu zapobihannya zlochynnosti v Ukrayini [Basic Principles of System Analysis of Crime Prevention in Ukraine] Kharkiv: Yurayt [in Ukrainian].

Obolentsev, V.F. (2015). Henetychnyj ta prohnostychnyj aspekty zapobihannia zlochynnosti ta viktymizatsii [Genetic and prognostichniy aspects of prevention of criminality and viktimizacii]. Porivnial’no-analitychne pravo Comparatively analytical righ, 4. URL: http://www.pap.in.ua/4_2015/103.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Obolentsev, V.F. (2012). Latentna zlochynnist’: problemy teorii ta praktyky poperedzhennia [Latent crime: problems of theory and practice of warning]. Kharkiv: Vydavets’ FOP Vilens’kyj L.M. [in Ukrainian].

Obolentsev, V.F. (2007). Pravootnoshenyia kak ob’ekty pravovoj okhrany: soderzhanye y kolychestvennye kharakterystyky (po materyalam statej razdelov 1–6 Osobennoj chasty Uholovnoho kodeksa Ukrayny) [Pravootnosheniya as ob’ekts of the law guard: contents and quantitative description (for the materials of articles of parts 1–6 of Special part of Criminal kodeks of Ukraine)]. Khar’kov, FLP Yoltukhovskyj V.L. [in Ukrainian].

Pyvovarov, V.V. (2014). Koruptsiya v systemi ekonomichnoyi determinatsiyi korporatyvnoyi zlochynnosti. [Corruption in the system of economic determination of corporate crime] Vzayemodiya derzhavnykh orhaniv i hromads’kosti u zapobihanni ta protydiyi koruptsiyi: proceedings of the Scientific and Practical Conference VIII Vseukr. festyvalyu nauky. V.V. Holina (Ed.). Kharkiv: NDI VPZ imeni akad. V.V. Stashysa NAPrN Ukrayiny [in Ukrainian].

Pro zatverdzhennia Derzhavnoi prohramy schodo realizatsii zasad derzhavnoi antykoruptsijnoi polityky v Ukraini (Antykoruptsijnoi stratehii) na 2015–2017 roky [About claim of the Government program in relation to realization of principles of public anticorruption policy in Ukraine (Anticorruption strategy) on 2015–2017]: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 29 kvitnia 2015 r. № 265 (2015). Ofitsijnyj visnyk Ukrainy Official announcer of Ukraine, 38, art. 1146 [in Ukrainian].

Pro systemu tsentral’nykh orhaniv vykonavchoyi vlady [About the system of central executive bodies]: Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrayiny 15 hrudnya 1999 roku N 1572/99. (1999). Ofitsijnyj visnyk Ukrainy – Official announcer of Ukraine, 50, art. 8 [in Ukrainian].

Sadovskij, V.N. (1974). Osnovanija obshhej teorii sistem. Logiko-metodologicheskij analiz [Foundations of the general theory of systems. Logical and methodological analysis].Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Saturin, M.A. (2005). Prestupnost’ kak sistema [Crime as a system]. Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik Siberian Legal Messenger, issue 4. URL: http://www/lawinstitut.ru/ru/science/vestnik/20054/suturin.html [in Russian].

Soroka, K.O. (2005). Osnovy teorii system i systemnoho analizu: navch. Posibnyk [Bases of theory of the systems and analysis of the systems]. Kharkiv: FOP Tymchenko [in Ukrainian].

Spirkin, A.G. (1999). Filosofija [Philosophy].Moscow: Gardariki [in Russian].

Holl, A.D., Fejdzhin, R.E. (1969). Opredelenie ponjatija sistemy [Definition of system concept]. Issledovanija po obshhej teorii sistem. Research on the general theory of systems. Moscow: Progress, 252–283 [in Russian].

Shakun V.I. (1997). Vlada i zlochynnist’ [Power and crime]. Kyiv: Pam’yat’ stolit’ [in Ukrainian].


GOST Style Citations






DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.138.110994

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Валерій Федорович Оболенцев

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2224-9281