Law policy of European Union in the sphere of water conservation
In the light of such foreign policy goal as accession to the EU there was arised a need to thorough research of European Union’s water policy and legislation with the view of its adaptation to the national legislation.
The basic issues of European Union’s water policy in water conservation were considered in this paper. During the three legislative waves a number of directives and decisions were made which pointed out: environmental standards of water quality for specific types of water and emission limit values; strict rules for the disposal of sewage and usage of nitrates in agriculture; regulations for prevention of subsoil water pollution from agricultural waste; protection of the marine environment; potable water standards and the like.
For the purpose of concentration, rationalization, standardization and improvement of the European law effectiveness in the sphere of water protection Water Framework Directive was developed, which provided for multifaceted approach to effective water resources management at EU level, harmonized legal and institutional system, public participation and integrated water resources management. Herein directive became a framework for further legislative activity, nullified the antiquated laws and co-operated elements and obligations of other regulatory acts, such as directives deals with municipal sewage treatment and monitoring the usage of nitrates in agriculture. The rules were prescribed by Water Framework Directive focused on: 1) water protection (groundwater, surface, inland and transitional waters); 2) ecosystem restoration of water bodies; 3) pollution abatement of waters; 4) sustainable use of waters by individuals and enterprises.
Full Text:PDF (Українська)
Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A31991L0271.
Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31998L0083.
Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32000L0060.
Directive 2006/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 February 2006 concerning the management of bathing water quality and repealing Directive 76/160/EEC. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?qid=1499762530430&uri=CELEX:32006L0007.
Directive 2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32006L0118.
Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks (Text with EEA relevance). URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32007L0060.
Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (Text with EEA relevance). URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32008L0056.
Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32008L0105.
Ana Barreira Water Governance at the European Union Universities Council on Water Resources Journal of Contemporary Water Research & Education Issue 135, Pages 80–85, December 2006. URL: http://ucowr.org/files/Achieved_Journal_Issues/v135Water%20Governance%20at%20the%20European%20Union.pdf.
A Starter’s Guide. Overview on the main provisions of the Water Framework Directive, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the Birds and Habitats Directives, and the Floods Directive: similarities and differences. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/docs/starter_guide.pdf.
Danuta Lipinska European Union Water Policy: Key Issues and Challenges Comparative Economic Research. The Journal of University of Lods. URL: https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/cer.2012.15.issue-3/v10103-012-0020-z/v10103-012-0020-z.pdf.
European water resources and policy. URL: https://freshwater.org/wp-content/uploads/joomla/PDFs/critical-water/waterresourcesineurope.pdf.
Klaus Lanz (International Water Affairs) and Stefan Scheuer (EEB) EEB Handbook on EU Water Policy under the Water Framework Directive. URL: http://www.rivernet.org/general/docs/handbook.pdf.
Links between the Floods Directive (FD 2007/60/EC) and Water Framework Directive (WFD2000/60/EC) Resource Document Technical Report - 2014 – 078.
Odom Green, Olivia; Garmestani, Ahjond S.; W. van Rijswick, Helena F.M.; and Keessen, Andrea M., EU Water Governance: Striking the Right Balance between Regulatory Flexibility and Enforcement? (2013). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Papers. 202. Directive. URL: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1202&context=usepapapers.
Pierre Strosser The European Union’s Water Framework Directive. Towards an integrated management of water resources at the river basin scale. URL: http://ciwr.ucanr.edu/files/187221.pdf.
Simplification of European Water Policies (IP/A/ENVI/FWC/2006-172/C1/SC5). URL: http://ecologic.eu/sites/files/project/2013/SC_5_Study_Simplification_Euro_Water_Policies_April_2007.pdf.
GOST Style Citations
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Copyright (c) 2017 Марина Костянтинівна Черкашина
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.