Classification of legal restrictions as ways of regulation of public relations




legal restrictions, classification of legal restrictions, individual rights, person of public relations, prohibition, obligation, legal responsibility


The author’s model of classification of legal restrictions as means of regulation of public relations in the state depending on different social and legal criteria is presented. Legal restrictions are proposed to be classified according to such criteria as: the ownership of a normative act, which provides for a specific restriction to a specific branch of legislation; The place of the normative act, providing for limitation, in the hierarchy of normative acts of the state; The scope of activities of the subjects on which legal restrictions are designed, the specifics of the content of the regulatory impact of legal restrictions on entity of public relations; Depending on the element of the structure of the rule of law, which provides for a specific restriction; Duration of the legal restriction in time; The degree of certainty of the entity, to which the calculated limitations; Method of application (implementation) of the legal restriction. Taking into account the provisions of the current legislation of Ukraine, examples are given and the essence of concrete examples of application of legal restrictions to participants of public relations in typical life situations is revealed. It is noted that the legal design of legal restrictions in most cases is connected with the restriction of the rights and freedoms of a person, and therefore their further doctrinal development requires close attention of law researchers who are representatives of different areas of legal science.

Author Biography

Олена Валеріївна Левада, National academy of legal sciences of Ukraine

aspirant, junior researcher


Konstytutsiia Ukrainy vid 28.06.1996 r. № 254к/96-VR. (1996). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 30, art. 141.

Simeinyi kodeks Ukrainy vid 10.01.2002 r. № 2947-III. (2002). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 21, art. 135.

Pro derzhavnu sluzhbu: Zakon Ukrainy vid 10.12.2015 r. № 889-VIII. (2015). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 4, art. 43.

Pro Dystsyplinarnyi statut Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 24.03.1999 r. № 551-XIV. (1999). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 22, art. 197.

Pro Natsionalnu politsiiu: Zakon Ukrainy vid 02.07.2015 r. № 580-VIII.(2015). Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy – Official Gazette of Ukraine, 63, art. 2075.

Pro Sluzhbu bezpeky Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 25.03.1992 r. № 2229-XII. (1992). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 27, art. 382.

Kodeks Ukrainy pro administratyvni pravoporushennia vid 07.12.1984 r. № 8073-10. (1984). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady URSR., 51, art. 1122.

Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy vid 16.01.2003 r. № 435-IV. (2003). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 40–44, art. 356.

Pro sudoustrii i status suddiv: Zakon Ukrainy vid 02.06.2016 r. № 1402-VIII. (2016). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 31, art. 545.

Pro Zbroini Syly Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 06.12.1991 r. № 1934-XII. (1991). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 9, art. 108.

Malisheva, Ju.V. (2016). Cilesprjamovani sankcii ta yih zastosuvannja Radoju bezpeki OON. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kiiv [in Ukrainian].

Mal’ko, A.V. (1995). Stimuly i ogranichenija v prave: teoretiko-informacionnyj aspekt. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Saratov [in Russian].

Mal’ko, A.V. (2007). Teorija gosudarstva i prava v voprosah i otvetah. Moscow: Jurist [in Russian].

Matuzov, N.I., Mal’ko, A.V. (2005). Teorija gosudarstva i prava: kurs lekcij uchebn. Moscow: Jurist [in Russian].

Petrishin, A.V. (1998). Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba. Istoriko-teoreticheskie predposylki, sravnitel’no-pravovoj i logiko-ponjatijnyj analiz. Kharkov: Fakt [in Ukrainian].

Teoriia derzhavy ta prava. Akademichnyi kurs / pid red. O.V. Zaichuka. (2006). Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter [in Ukrainian].

Shul’ga, A.M. (2006). Osnovy teorii gosudarstva i prava. Kharkov: OOO «Prometej-Pres» [in Ukrainian].



How to Cite

Левада, О. В. (2017). Classification of legal restrictions as ways of regulation of public relations. Problems of Legality, (138), 194–201.