The problem of delineation of criminal and administrative liability for violation of prohibitions on obtaining undue advantage and gifts and its solution
Keywords:corruption, corruption crimes, undue advantage, gifts, criminal responsibility, administrative responsibility
The article deals with changes in the anti-corruption legislation of Ukraine regarding gifts. In particular, gifts are legally defined in a different way than undue advantage. Gifts characterize acts related to corruption and in which there are no signs of corruption. The notion of undue advantage characterizes corrupt acts.
The author of the article proves that a public official receives a gift as a token of gratitude after the correct execution of his official functions or without connection with the performance of his official functions. Violation of prohibitions on receipt of gifts entails administrative responsibility under Art. 172-5 of the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses. Violation of legislative prohibitions on solicitation or acceptance of an undue advantage entails criminal liability under articles of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
The article presents scientific explanations and practical recommendations for making a new decision on liability for violation of legislative prohibitions on receiving gifts. Proposals for amendments to articles 354, 368, 368-3, 368-4, 369, 369-2 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine have been developed. It is expected that they will indicate that when committing the corruption offenses provided for in these articles, a person requires an undue advantage or agrees to receive an undue advantage in exchange for actions related to his official powers. Such a requirement or consent always precedes the actions associated with its official powers.
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Copyright (c) 2017 Василь Миколайович Киричко
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