Victimological prevention murder committed for mercenary motives

Юлія Олексіївна Оберемко

Abstract


One of the areas of prevention of murders, acts of greed victimological prevention. Criminologists repeatedly drawn attention to the specified direction of crime prevention, but their views differ. The general nature of victimological direction of crime prevention is diverse activities of social institutions, to establish, eliminate or neutralize factors, situations and circumstances that shape behavior and cause the victim to commit a crime.

The main objective of victimological prevention murders of greed, in our opinion, should be the development and implementation of measures aimed at reducing victimization propensity certain categories of people become victims of these crimes. Given the results of its own studies suggest measures victimological prevention of homicides committed with mercenary motives divided into: organizational, legal, informational and educational and technical.

Victimological prevention murders of greed is a systematic, diversified activities of state bodies, public organizations and individuals that should be aimed at reducing victimization propensity certain categories of people become victims of these crimes. The effectiveness of prevention victimological zalezhatymet on one side of public awareness, and on the other – from the policy in ensuring the protection of citizens against crime. The above suggestions will help minimize cases viktymohennyh situations contribute to raising the level of general culture victimological citizens and will reduce the risk of certain categories of people become victims of these crimes.


Keywords


premeditated murder with mercenary motives; victims of crime; victimological prevention; preventive effect

References


Rybal’skaja, V.Ja. (1983). Viktimologicheskie problemy prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih. Viktimologija i profіlaktika pravonarushenij – Victimology and crime prevention, 184–188 [in Russian].

Veselukha, V. (1999). Znachennia viktymolohichnoi profilaktyky v systemi zapobihannia zlochynnosti. Pravo Ukrainy – Law of Ukraine, 10, 68–71 [in Ukrainian];

Konovalov, V.P., Frank, L.V. (1976). Ob organizacii viktimologicheskogo issledovanija napravlenija profilaktiki prestupnosti v Tadzhikskoj SSR, 15 [in Russian];

Alekseev, A. I. (1998). Kriminologija. Moscow: Shhit-M [in Russian];

Holovkin, B.M. (2014). Viktymizatsiia naselennia v Ukraini: stan, determinanty, zapobihannia [Victimization of the population in Ukraine: status, determinants, prevention]. Teoriia i praktyka pravoznavstva – Theory and practice of jurisprudence, issue 2(6), 1–11 [in Ukrainian];

Pro profilaktyku zlochyniv: proekt Zakonu Ukrayiny vid 1998 r. (1998). URL: http://static.rada.gov.ua/osmir/tables/10_98/TABL0924.html.

Dzhuzha, O. M., Vasylevych, V.V., Hida, O.F. (Ed.). (2011). Profilaktyka zlochyniv. Kyiv: Atika [in Ukrainian].


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.137.102157

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