Development of the individual agencies within international organizations: comparative-personological view

Т. О. Калмиков

Abstract


Problem setting: Personalized activity of individuals holding offices of individual organs in the structure of international organizations is an essential part of the activities of these organizations. Meanwhile, today legal science researches this problem mainly in the context of the development of separate branches of international law.

Recent research and publications analysis: From Max Weber, the development of individual organs was studied as a question how one transforms institutions that are led by high-profile individuals into institutions that have a life and energy of their own". Current international legal research in this regard provided by  H. H. Koh, F. Benua-Romer, H. Klebes, R. Kicker and the others. There are no relevant Ukrainian legal studies on this issue today.

Paper objective: The purpose of the article is to review the issue on the example of a relatively new international bodies - the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe. The features of organs, crucial for the study are: the features of appointment (election) of candidate, term of his office and special activities scheduled for each of these positions.

Paper main body: Comparing the Institute of the High Commissioner and the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe in personological view, we note that the personal characteristics and expert practices of the first, second and third Council of Europe Commissioner largely matches with the same first three (in same order) United Nations High Commissioners for Human Rights. This fact suggests that the election of candidates for these positions is a part of strategic transformation of the body.

There is a reason to believe that the strategy of the international organizations, not only related to their desire to be effectively involved in actions within their mandate, but also with the desire to increase their influence in comparison with the other international organizations on the regional and universal level. In this regard,   international organizations may be considered as international corporate structures that, among the interests of global security and sustainable development pursue the interests of the development of themselves.

Conclusions of the research: - Appointment of the defined persons for positions of executive bodies of international organizations not connected with the political (external) strategies, but the strategies of their own, internal, development;

- International organizations as corporate structures manage the process of strategic institutional development of their own bodies, independently;

- The case of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Council of Europe  Commissioner for Human Rights shows the stages of strengthening the particular sides of the bodies through the process of the selection of candidates with certain characteristics;

- Strategic stage of the development of executive body is sufficient and prevail over personal characteristics of the candidate during elections.


Keywords


United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR); Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights (COECHR)

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2414-990x.129.52069

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